Oxygen (O2) Gas

Axcel Gases is a renowned Oxygen gas manufacturer, supplier and exporters, both in liquid and compressed Gas forms. Oxygen is a highly reactive non metallic oxidizing agent, is tasteless, odorless, colorless and nonflammable gas present in atmosphere at a concentration of 21 % by volume. It has got a boiling point of -182.9°C (-297.3°F). Oxygen is vital to life on earth for any living being. Commercial Oxygen Gas is produced by Cryogenic Distillation/air separation plants which condenses air and distills liquid Oxygen. This liquid Oxygen further converted into gaseous Oxygen at room temperature and is being stored in Oxygen Gas Cylinders for any further industrial / lab grade applications.

For some applications where continuous and high quantity of O2 gas is required to be feed, We make use of O2 gas cylinder quad which is nothing but number of cylinder interconnected and having common outlet.

Some process also requires using Oxygen in Liquid Form only. For such process or applications, Liquid Oxygen is stored and supplied in special vacuum insulated containers called Cryogenic Containers or Cryo Cans or Dewars. There are different sizes of Cryo Cans available depending upon volume of liquid stored in it.

High Pressure Seamless Gas Cylinders

Oxygen Cylinders

For different type of cylinder sizes


Oxygen Cylinders Quads

For different type of quad


Liquid Oxygen Cryogenic Container

For different type of Cryo Cans sizes

Chemical Formula Type Density Molecular Mass
O2 Odorless,
1.429 g/L at stp (0 °C 101.325 kPa)

1.141 g/cm when liquid, at b.p.

31.9988 g/mol


Maximum Impurities in PPM by Volume
N2 Ar CO2 CO Moisture THC
≥99.999 ≤8 ≤8 ≤0.5 ≤0.5 ≤2 ≤0.2
 99.8 ≤40 ≤40 ≤40 ≤40 ≤40 ≤40

Oxygen is a non flammable gas which does not burn on its own but it helps in burning. Apart from this, Oxygen is source of living for any living being as it is being used for breathing purpose. Oxygen gas and Oxygen liquid are available in different purity grades and concentrations to meet the specific requirement of diverse industries. We have in house laboratory equipments to check the level of purity as well as various impurities present in it.

Industrial Uses of Oxygen

Multiple Industries – Oxygen is used with other fuel gases in multiple industries such as in gas welding, oxygen scarfing, gas cutting, flame cleaning, flame hardening, and flame straightening. High quality of oxygen must be used in gas cutting to ensure clean and high speed cut.

Pulp & paper manufacturing – Oxygen is also used as a bleaching chemical. In the manufacturing of high-quality bleached pulp, the lignin should be removed in the bleaching process. Chlorine has been used for this purpose but new processes using oxygen reduce water pollution. Oxygen plus caustic soda can replace hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide in the bleaching process, resulting in lower costs.

Steel Industry – oxygen is used heavily in the steel making process. unwanted carbon combines with oxygen to form carbon oxides, which leave as gases in the steel making process. Oxygen is also used in making other metals such as zinc, copper, and lead.

Medical uses of Oxygen/ Oxygen gas cylinders

Medical oxygen gas cylinder has high purity oxygen that is utilized for medical analysis that is developed for use in the human body. Medical oxygen gas cylinders contain a high virtue of oxygen gas; no different kinds of gases are permitted in the cylinders to anticipate contamination. There are extra prerequisites and rules for medical oxygen, including requiring an individual to have a prescription to arrange or order medical oxygen.

Medical Gas Cylinders are used to store oxygen gas for –

  1. Breathing at medical facilities like emergency Hospitals, clinics and at home and oxygen therapies.
  2. Utilized during anesthesia, medical aid revival for crises.
  3. life support for patients who can’t inhale all alone, and oxygen treatment.
  4. Scuba sets: open circuit demand and rebreather.
  5. For mountain climbing.
  6. provide life support for artificially ventilated patients
  7. aid cardiovascular stability 

Usually, Oxygen is delivered in bulk to the hospitals in liquid form. Portable non-cryogenic air separation units are widely used in home care. Larger units of non-cryogenic air separation are used in remote/small hospitals where delivery of liquid oxygen is costly and demand is high. These units typically produce up to 93% purity oxygen.

Some Other Common Uses And Applications In Industries

  • As breathing gas vital to the need of any living being.
  • As a mixing gas in metal cutting or brazing or welding process when mixed with Acetylene or LPG/Propane/Butane.
  • As an assist gas in Plasma Cutting or laser cutting process.
  • As an impurities remover in smelting process. Helps in removing impurities of sulfur and carbon from the molten metal during the making of steel from iron ore.
  • As a rocket fuel in aeronautical or spacecraft industry.
  • As a main reactive agent in many chemical industries to make various industrial or lab grade chemicals like Ethylene Oxide, Glycols and polymers.
  • As a main constituents to increase production and decrease impurities of NOx in Glass manufacturing Industry.
  • In laboratory applications.

These are some of the common uses of Oxygen. There are various other ways in which Oxygen can be used in a particular industry or process.

For expert advice on your respective industrial or commercial application, please feel free to Contact Us